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Alicia Sanchez-Mazas

Alicia Sanchez-Mazas

Full Professor / Professeure ordinaire

My main scientific interest is to understand the genetic diversity and evolution of human populations, with a main focus on the evolution of immune genes (MHC, HLA): how to explain the molecular differences and similarities observed within and between populations worldwide? What does this genetic variation tell us about, on one hand, the history of our species and, on the other hand, the immune adaptation of humans to different environments?

Dépt. de Génétique & Evolution
Laboratoire AGP
Quai Ernest-Ansermet 30
1205 Genève / Suisse
+41 22 379 69 84

Current positions

The major histocompatibility complex in humans, HLA, is the focus of my investigations. It is both the most polymorphic locus of our genome and the most directly involved in the adaptive immune response and the rejection of tissular transplants. Therefore, it is not only interesting for research in human evolution, but also for the understanding of genetic susceptibility or resistance to diseases and for the search of compatible bone marrow or organ donors for patients needing a transplant. Our research is thus also motivated by public health issues.

Since 1996, my group, with Dr José Nunes, plays an important role in the international coordination of research on the molecular diversity of the HLA system within the framework of successive International HLA and Immunogenetics Workshops (IHIW). Since 2009, we also lead HLA-NET (, a large European network aiming at implementing population data, standards of analysis, aswell as statistical and computer tools for the study of HLA diversity at the population level. Such developments are essential both for analyzing human genetic evolution and for searching compatible donors in transplantation. In this context, we closely collaborate with the National Reference Laboratory for Histocompatibility (LNHR) located in the HUG (Dr J-M Tiercy and J.Villard) and the Swiss Blood Stem Cells Foundation which manages the national registries of stem cells donors in Bern.

Within the framework of our investigations on human peopling history, we adopt an interdisciplinary approach according to which our genetic results are faced to paleontology (study of fossils), prehistoric archaeology (study of cultural vestiges), historical linguistics (study of the evolution of language families),and epidemiology (study of pathogens, diseases and their evolution). In this context, we collaborate with different teams of anthropologists, archaeologists, linguists and geneticists. Our projects, regularly funded by the National Swiss Foundation for Scientific Research (FNS) for more than 20 years, addresses questions related to the genetic history of diverse continents of which sub-Saharan Africa, the likely homeland of modern humans, but also East Asia and Europe.

At the level of the genome, our works lead us to propose essential hypotheses on the molecular mechanisms governing the evolution of the HLA system (asymmetric balancing selection or purifying selection, depending on the loci). This mode of evolution is compared with that of other human polymorphisms, such as classical markers and, in collaboration with Dr E. Poloni, mitochondrial DNA and Y-chromosome polymorphisms. The experimental approaches by computer simulation developed by Dr Mr Currat also serve us, for some years, to test the likelihood of the scenarios of peopling history proposed in our projects and to estimate quantitatively the effects of natural selection on the evolution of the HLA system.

Peer-reviewed journal articles

  • 2021 Di D, Nunes JM, Jiang W, Sanchez-Mazas A (2020) Like wings of a bird: functional divergence and complementarity between HLA-A and HLA-B molecules. Molecular Biology and Evolution msaa325. doi:10.1093/molbev/msaa325.
  • 2021 Grenet G, Gombault C, Duret L, Sanchez-Mazas A, Gueyffier F, Segurel L, Lega J-C (2021) To name things wrongly is to add to the misfortune of the world, (e-Letter in response to: For better drugs, diversify clinical trials). Science 05 Feb 2021: Vol. 371, Issue 6529, pp. 570-571, DOI: 10.1126/science.abe2565 14-04-2021
  • 2020 Barquera B., Collen E., Di D., Buhler B., Teixeira J., Llamas B., Nunes J.M., Sanchez-Mazas A. (2020) Binding affinities of 438 HLA proteins to complete proteomes of seven pandemic viruses and distributions of strongest and weakest HLA peptide binders in populations worldwide. HLA. doi: 10.1111/tan.13956
  • 2020 Sanchez-Mazas A. (2020). A Review of HLA Allele and SNP Associations With Highly Prevalent Infectious Diseases in Human Populations. Swiss Med Wkly. 2020;150:w20214. DOI:
  • 2020 Sanchez-Mazas A. (2020). HLA studies in the context of coronavirus outbreaks. Swiss Med Wkly. 2020;150:w20248 DOI:
  • 2020 Vangenot C., Nunes J.M., Doxiadis G.M., Poloni E.S., Bontrop R.E., De Groot N.G., Sanchez-Mazas A. (2020) Similar patterns of genetic diversity and linkage disequilibrium in Western chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) and humans indicate highly conserved mechanisms of MHC molecular evolution. BMC Evol Biol 20, 119.
  • 2020 Al-Yafei Z., Goeury T., Alvares M., Al Seiari M., Sanchez-Mazas A., Elghazali, G. (2020). United Arab Emirates: Unusual departure from neutrality towards excess of homozygotes at the HLA-B locus. HLA, 95(5), 470-473. DOI:
  • 2019 Buhler S, Baldomero H, Ferrari-Lacraz S, Nunes JM, Sanchez-Mazas A, Massouridi-Levrat S, Heim D, Halter J, Nair G, Chalandon Y, Schanz U, Guengoer T, Nicoloso G, Tiercy J-M, Passweg J, Villard J (2019) High-resolution HLA phased haplotype frequencies to predict the success of unrelated donor searches and clinical outcome following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Bone Marrow Transplantation 54(10):1701-1709. Doi:10.1038/s41409-019-0520-6.
  • 2019 Vangenot C, Gagneux P, de Groot N, Baumeyer A, Mouterde M, Crouau-Roy B, Darlu P, Sanchez-Mazas A, Sabbagh A, Estella S. Poloni (2019) Humans and chimpanzees display opposite patterns of diversity in arylamine N-acetyltranferase genes. G3: Genes, Genomes, Genetics (Bethesda) 9(7):2199-2224. Doi:10.1534/g3.119.400223.
  • 2019 Sanchez-Mazas A, Nunes JM (2019) Does NGS typing highlight our understanding of HLA population diversity? Some good reasons to say yes and a few to say be careful. Human Immunology. Doi:10.1016/j.humimm.2018.10.004.
  • 2018 Goeury T, Creary LE, Fernandez-Vina MA, Tiercy JM, Nunes JM, Sanchez-Mazas A (2018) Mandenka from Senegal: Next Generation Sequencing typings reveal very high frequencies of particular HLA class II alleles and haplotypes. HLA 91(2):148-150.
  • 2018 Goeury T, Creary L, Brunet L, Galan M, Pasquier M, Kervaire B, Langaney A, Tiercy J-M, Fernandez-Vina MA, Nunes JM, Sanchez-Mazas A (2018) Deciphering the fine nucleotide diversity of full HLA class I and class II genes in a well-documented population from sub-Saharan Africa. HLA 91(1):36-51.
  • 2018 Cerny V, Kulichova I, Poloni ES, Nunes JM, Pereira L, Mayor A, Sanchez-Mazas A (2018) Genetic history of the African Sahelian populations. Review article. HLA 91(3):153-166.
  • 2018 Buhler S, Nunes JM, Sanchez-Mazas A (2018) Correction to: HLA class I molecular variation and peptide-binding properties suggest a model of joint divergent asymmetric selection. Immunogenetics 70:141.
  • 2017 Sanchez-Mazas A., Cerny V., Di D., Buhler S., Podgorna E., Chevallier E., Brunet L., Weber S., Kervaire B., Testi M., Andreani M., Tiercy JM., Villard J., Nunes JM. (2017) The HLA-B landscape of Africa: Signatures of pathogen-driven selection and molecular identification of candidate alleles to malaria protection. Mol Ecol. 2017;00:1-15.
  • 2017 Sanchez-Mazas A., Nunes JM., Middleton D., Sauter J., Buhler S., McCabe A., Hofmann J., Baier DM., Schmidt AH., Nicoloso G., Andreani M., Grubic Z., Tiercy JM., Fleischhauer K. (2017) Common and well-documented HLA alleles over all of Europe and within European sub-regions: A catalogue from the European Federation for Immunogenetics. HLA. 2017 Feb;89(2):104-113. doi: 10.1111/tan.12956.
  • 2017 Boquett JA., Nunes JM. , Buhler S., De Oliveira MZ., Jobim L. F., Jobim M., Fagundes N. JR., Schuler-Faccini L., Sanchez-Mazas A. (2017) The HLA-A, -B and -DRB1 polymorphism in a large dataset of South Brazil bone marrow donors from Rio Grande do Sul. Wiley Online Library DOI: 10.1111/tan.12933
  • 2016 Buhler S., Nunes JM., Sanchez-Mazas A. (2016) HLA class I molecular variation and peptide-binding properties suggest a model of joint divergent asymmetric selection. Immunogenetics. 2016, vol. 68, no. 6-7, p. 401-416. DOI: 10.1007/s00251-016-0918-x
  • 2016 Ligeiro D., Buhler S., Abecasis M., Abade O., Sanchez-Mazas A., da Silva M. G. and Trindade H. (2016) KIR genotypic diversity in Portuguese and analysis of KIR gene allocation after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. HLA. 2016, vol. 87, no. 5, p. 375-380. DOI: 10.1111/tan.12795
  • 2016 Romon I., Montes C., Ligeiro D., Trindade H., Sanchez-Mazas A.,Nunes JM.,Buhler S. (2016) Mapping the HLA diversity of the Iberian Peninsula. Human Immunology. DOI:10.1016/j.humimm.2016.06.023
  • 2015 Podgorna E, Diallo I, Vangenot C, Sanchez-Mazas A, Sabbagh A, Cerny V and Poloni ES. (2015) Variation in NAT2 acetylation phenotypes is associated with differences in food-producing subsistence modes and ecoregions in Africa. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2015, 15:263, doi:10.1186/s12862-015-0543-6
  • 2015 Di D, Sanchez-Mazas A, Currat M (2015) Computer simulation of human leukocyte antigen genes supports two main routes of colonization by human populations in East Asia. BMC Evolutionary Biology 15:240.
  • 2015 Francisco RS, Buhler S, Nunes JM, Bitarello BD, Franca GS, Meyer D, Sanchez-Mazas A. (2015) HLA supertype variation across populations: new insights into the role of natural selection in the evolution of HLA-A and HLA-B polymorphisms. Immunogenetics,
  • 2015 Buhler S, Nunes JM, Sanchez-Mazas A, Richard L. (2015) HLA-A, B and DRB1 genetic heterogeneity in Quebec. International Journal of Immunogenetics, 42: 69-77. doi: 10.1111/iji.12177
  • 2015 Inotai D, Szilvasi A, Benko S, Boros-Major A, Illes Z, Bors A, Kiss KP, Rajczy K, Gelle-Hosso A, Buhler S, Nunes JM, Sanchez-Mazas A & Tordai A. (2015) HLA genetic diversity in Hungarians and Hungarian Gypsies:complementary differentiation patterns and demographicsignals revealed by HLA-A, -B and -DRB1 in Central Europe. Tissue Antigens, 86: 115-121. doi: 10.1111/tan.12600
  • 2015 Testi M, Battarra M, Lucarelli G, Isgro A, Morrone A, Akinyanju O, Wakama T, Nunes JM, Andreani M & Sanchez-Mazas A. (2015) HLA-A-B-C-DRB1-DQB1 phased haplotypes in 124 Nigerianfamilies indicate extreme HLA diversity and low linkagedisequilibrium in Central-West Africa. Tissue Antigens, 86: 285-292. doi: 10.1111/tan.12642
  • 2014 Sanchez-Mazas A & Barbujani G (2013, published in 2014) European genetic diversity through space and time. Human Heredity 76:119-120.
  • 2014 Sanchez-Mazas A, Buhler S, Nunes JM (2013, published in 2014) A new HLA map of Europe: regional genetic variation and its implication for peopling history, disease-association studies and tissue transplantation. Human Heredity 76:162-177.
  • 2014 Nunes JM, Buhler S, Roessli D, Sanchez-Mazas A & the HLA-net 2013 collaboration (2014) Review Article: The HLA-net Gene[rate] pipeline for effective HLA data analysis and its application to 145 population samples from Europe and neighbouring areas. Tissue Antigens 83:307-323.
  • 2014 Di D, Sanchez-Mazas A (2014). HLA variation reveals genetic continuity rather than population group structure in East Asia. Immunogenetics 66:153-160.
  • 2014 Nunes J, Buhler S, Sanchez-Mazas A (2014). No to obsolete definitions, YES to blanks. Tissue Antigens 83:119-120.
  • 2014 Prifti-Kurti M, Nunes JM, Shyti E, Ylli Z, Sanchez-Mazas A, Sulcebe G. (2014) HLA-DRB1 and HLA-DQB1 allele associations in an Albanian patient population with rheumatoid arthritis: correlations with the specific autoantibody markers and inter-population DRB1 allele frequency variability. Rheumatology International, DOI 10.1007/s00296-013-2932-8.
  • 2014 Sanchez-Mazas A, Meyer D. (2014) The Relevance of HLA Sequencing in Population Genetics Studies. Journal of Immunology Research, vol. 2014, Article ID 971818, 12 pages, 2014. doi:10.1155/2014/971818.
  • 2014 Vidan-Jeras B, Buhler S, Dubois V, Grubic Z, Ivanova M, Jaatinen T, Ligeiro D, Lokki ML, Papasteriades C, Poli F, Spyropoulou-Vlachou M, Tordai A, Viken MK, Wenda S, Nunes JM, Sanchez-Mazas A, Tiercy JM. (2014) Resolution of HLA-B_44:02:01G, -DRB1_14:01:01G and -DQB1*03:01:01G reveals a high allelic variability among 12 European populations. Tissue Antigens. 2014 Nov;84(5):459-64. doi: 10.1111/tan.12422.
  • 2013 Wenda S, Fae I, Sanchez-Mazas A, Nunes JM, Mayr WR, Fischer GF (2013). The Distribution of MICA Alleles in an Austrian Population: Evidence for Increasing Polymorphism. Human Immunology 74:1295-1299.
  • 2013 Mack SJ, Cano P, Hollenbach JA, He J, Hurley CK, Middleton D, Moraes ME, Pereira SE, Kempenich JH, Reed EF, Setterholm M, Smith AG, Tilanus MG, Torres M, Varney MD, Voorter CEM, Fischer GF, Fleishhauer K, Goodridge D, Klitz W, Little A-M, Maiers M, Marsh SGE, Muller CR, Noreen H, Rozemuller EH, Sanchez-Mazas A, Senitzer D, Trachtenberg E, Fernandez-Vina M (2013) Common and well-documented HLA alleles: 2012 update to the CWD catalogue. Tissue Antigens, 2013, 81, 194-203.
  • 2013 Sulcebe G, Cuenod M, Sanchez-Mazas A, Tiercy JM, Zhubi B, Shyti E, Kardhashi V (2013) Human leukocyte antigen-A, -B, -C, -DRB1 and -DQB1 allele and haplotype frequencies in an Albanian population from Kosovo. Int J Immunogenet. 2013 Apr;40(2):104-7. doi: 10.1111/j.1744-313X.2012.01136.x.
  • 2013 Riccio ME, Buhler S, Nunes JM, Vangenot C, Cuenod M, Currat M, Di D, Andreani M, Boldyreva M, Chambers G, Chernova M, Chiaroni J, Darke C, Di Cristofaro J, Dubois V, Dunn P, Edinur HA, Elamin N, Eliaou JF, Grubic Z, Jaatinen T, Kanga U, Kervaire B, Kolesar L, Kunachiwa W, Lokki ML, Mehra N, Nicoloso G, Paakkanen R, Voniatis DP, Papasteriades C, Poli F, Richard L, Romon Alonso I, Slav?ev A, Sulcebe G, Suslova T, Testi M, Tiercy JM, Varnavidou A, Vidan-Jeras B, Wennerstrom A, Sanchez-Mazas A. (2013) 16(th) IHIW: analysis of HLA population data, with updated results for 1996 to 2012 workshop data (AHPD project report). Int J Immunogenet. 2013 Feb;40(1):21-30. doi: 10.1111/iji.12033.
  • 2013 Doxiadis GMG, de Groot N, Otting N, de Vos-Rouweler AJM, Bolijn MJ, Heijmans CMC, de Groot NG, van der Wiel MKH, Remarque EJ, Vangenot C, Nunes JM, Sanchez-Mazas A, and Bontrop RE (2013) Haplotype diversity generated by ancient recombination-like events in the MHC of Indian rhesus macaques. Immunogenetics 65:569-584, Published Online 29 May 2013, doi:10.1007/s00251-013-0707-8.
  • 2012 Buhler S, Nunes JM, Nicoloso G, Tiercy J-M, Sanchez-Mazas A (2012). The heterogeneous HLA genetic makeup of the Swiss population. PLoS ONE 7(7):e41400. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0041400.
  • 2012 Sulcebe, G., Cuenod, M., Sanchez-Mazas, A., Tiercy, J.-M., Zhubi, B., Shyti, E. and Kardhashi, V. (2012) Human leukocyte antigen-A, -B, -C, -DRB1 and -DQB1 allele and haplotype frequencies in an Albanian population from Kosovo. International Journal of Immunogenetics. doi: 10.1111/j.1744-313X.2012.01136.x Epub 2012 Juin 22.
  • 2012 Sanchez-Mazas A, Vidan-Jeras B, Nunes JM, Fischer G,Little AM, Bekmane U, Buhler S, Buus S, Claas FH, Dormoy A, Dubois V, Eglite E, Eliaou JF, Gonzalez-Galarza F, Grubic Z, Ivanova M, Lie B, Ligeiro D, Lokki ML, Martins da Silva B, Martorell J, Mendonca D, Middleton D, Voniatis DP, Papasteriades C, Poli F, Riccio ME, Vlachou MS, Sulcebe G, Tonks S, Nevessignsky MT, Vangenot C, van Walraven AM, Tiercy JM. Strategies to work with HLA data in human populations for histocompatibility, clinical transplantation, epidemiology and population genetics: HLA-NET methodological recommendations. International Journal of Immunogenetics. Article first published online: 25 APR 2012 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1744-313X.2012.01113.x.
  • 2012 Sanchez-Mazas A, Lemaitre JF, Currat M. Distinct evolutionary startegies of HLA loci in pathogen-rich environments. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B Biological Sciences 367(1590):830-839.
  • 2012 Capredon M, Sanchez-Mazas A, Guitard E, Razafindrazaka H, Chiaroni J, Champion B, Dugoujon JM.(2012) The Arabo-Islamic migrations in Madagascar: first genetic study of the GM system in three Malagasy populations. Int J Immunogenet. 39(2):161-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1744-313X.2011.01069.x. Epub 2011 Dec 14.
  • 2011 Buhler, S.; Sanchez-Mazas, A. HLA DNA sequence variation among human populations: molecular signatures of demographic and selective events. PLoS One , 6(2):e14643,
  • 2011 Di, D.; Sanchez-Mazas, A. Challenging views on the peopling history of East Asia: the story according to HLA markers. American Journal of Physical Anthropology , 145(1):81-96,
  • 2011 Nunes, J.M.; Riccio, M.E.; Tiercy, J-M., Sanchez-Mazas, A. Allele frequency estimation from ambiguous data: using resampling schema in validating frequency estimates and in selective neutrality testing. Human Biology, 83:437-47.
  • 2011 Riccio, M.E.; Nunes, J.M.; Rahal, M.; Kervaire, B.; Sagart, L.; Tiercy, J-M.; Sanchez-Mazas, A. The Austro-Asiatic Munda population from India and its enigmatic origin: a HLA diversity study. Human Biology, 83:405-35.
  • 2011 Sanchez-Mazas, A.; Fernandez-Vina, M.; Middleton, D., Hollenbach, J.A.; Buhler, S.; Di, D.; Rajalingam, R.; Dugoujon J-M.; Mack, S.; Thorsby, E. Immunogenetics as a tool in anthropological studies. Immunology , 133(2):143-164,
  • 2010 Currat, M.; Poloni, E.S. ; Sanchez-Mazas, A. Human genetic differentiation across the Strait of Gibraltar. BMC evolutionary biology , 10:237-255,
  • 2010 Fadhlaoui-Zid, K.; Buhler, S.; Dridi, A.; Benammar El Gaaied, A.; Sanchez-Mazas, A. Polymorphism of HLA class II genes in Berbers from Southern Tunisia. Tissue antigens , 76:416-420,
  • 2010 Harbo, H.F.; Riccio, M.E.; Lorentzen, A.R.; Utsi, E.; Myhr, K.-M.; Mellgren, S.I.; Flam, S.T.; Thorsby, E.; Sanchez-Mazas, A.; Lie, B.A. Norwegian Sami differs significantly from other Norwegians according to their HLA profile. Tissue antigens , 75:207-217,
  • 2010 Nunes, J.M.; Riccio, M.E.; Buhler, S.; Di, D.; Currat, M.; Ries, F.; Almada, A.J.; Benhamamouch, S.; Benitez, O.; Canossi, A.; Fadhlaoui-Zid, K.; Fischer, G.; Kervaire, B.; Loiseau, P.; de Oliveira, D.C.M.; Papasteriades, C.; Piancatelli, D.; Rahal, M.; Richard, L.; Romero, M.; Rousseau, J.; Spiroski, M.; Sulcebe, G.; Middleton, D.; Tiercy, J.-M.; Sanchez-Mazas, A. Analysis of the HLA population data (AHPD) submitted to the 15th International Histocompatibility / Immunogenetics Workshop by using the Gene[rate] computer tools accommodating ambiguous data (ahpd project report). Tissue Antigens Published Online: 22 Mar 2010 ,
  • 2009 Brucato, N.; Tortevoye,P.; Plancoulaine, S; Guitard, E; Sanchez-Mazas, A; Larrouy, G; Gessain, A; Dugoujon, J.-M. The genetic diversity of three peculiar populations descending from the slave trade : GM study of Noir Marron from French Guiana. Comptes rendus biologies / Academie des sciences, Paris , 332:917-926,
  • 2009 Gerbault, P.; Moret, C.; Currat, M.; Sanchez-Mazas, A. Impact of selection and demography on the diffusion of lactase persistence. PLoS one, 7, 4, e6369. (DOI : 10.1371/journal.pone.0006369) ,
  • 2009 Poloni, E.S.; Naciri, Y.; Bucho, R.; Niba, R.; Kervaire, B.; Excoffier, L.; Langaney, A.; Sanchez-Mazas, A. Genetic evidence for complexity in ethnic differentiation and history in East Africa. Annals of human genetics, Early view. Annals of human genetics , 73:582-600,
  • 2009 Sulcebe, G.; Sanchez-Mazas A.; Tiercy J.-M.; Shyti E.; Mone I.; Ylli Z. Kardhashi, V. HLA allele and haplotype frequencies in the Albanian population and their relationship with the other European populations. International journal of immunogenetics , 36:337-343,
  • 2009 Thorsby, E.; Flam, S.T.; Woldseth, B.; Dupuy, B.M.; Sanchez-Mazas, A.; Fernandez-Vina, M.A. Further evidence of an Amerindian contribution to the Polynesian gene pool on Easter Island. Tissue antigens, 73, 6 , pages: 582-585,
  • 2008 Solberg, O.D.; Mack, S.J.; Lancaster, A.K.; Single, R.M.; Tsai, Y.; Sanchez-Mazas, A.; Thomson, G. Balancing selection and heterogeneity across the classical human leukocyte antigen loci : a meta-analytic review of 497 populations. Hum Immunol , 69:443-464,
  • 2008 Sanchez-Mazas, A. Evidences genetiques du peuplement de l'Asie orientale. Archives des sciences / Societe de physique et d'histoire naturelle de Geneve , 61:53-68,
  • 2007 Sanchez-Mazas, A. An apportionment of human HLA diversity. Tissue Antigens , 69(s1):198-202.
  • 2006 Abdennaji Guenounou, B.; Yacoubi Loueslati, B.; Buhler, S.; Hmida, S.; Ennafaa, H.; Khodjet-Elkhil, H.; Moojat, N.; Dridi, A.; Boukef, K.; Ben Ammar Elgaaied, A.; Sanchez-Mazas, A. HLA class II genetic diversity in Southern Tunisia and the Mediterranean area. International Journal of Immunogenetics , 33:93-103.
  • 2006 Buhler, S.; Megarbane, A.; Lefranc, G.; Tiercy, J.-M.; Sanchez-Mazas, A. HLA-C molecular characterization of a Lebanese population and genetic structure of 39 populations from Europe to India-Pakistan. Tissue Antigens , 68:44-57.
  • 2006 Buhler, S.; Sanchez-Mazas, A. De l'Europe a l'inde: structure genetique et diversite des populations de part et d'autre de leurs frontieres geographiques et culturelles - From Europe to India: genetic structure and diversity of populations across their geographic and cultural boundaries. Anthropo , 11:249-259,
  • 2005 Bellwood, P.; Sanchez-Mazas, A. Human migrations in continental East Asia and Taiwan: genetic, linguistic and archaeological evidence. Current Anthropology , 46:488-484.
  • 2004 Dugoujon, J.-M.; Hazout, S.; Loirat, F.; Mourrieras, B.; Crouau-Roy, B.; Sanchez-Mazas, A. The GM haplotype diversity of 82 populations over the world suggests a centrifugal model of human migrations. American Journal of Physical Anthropology , 125:175-192.
  • 2004 Fadhlaoui-Zid, K.; Dugoujon, J.-M.; Elgaaied, A.; Ben Amor, M.; Yacoubi, B.; Kodjet Elkhil, H.; Sanchez-Mazas, A. Genetic diversity in Tunisia: a study based on the GM polymorphism of human immunoglobulins. Human Biology , 76:559-567.
  • 2003 Gibert, M.; Sanchez-Mazas, A. Geographic patterns of functional categories of HLA-DRB1 alleles: a new approach to analyze associations between HLA-DRB1 and disease. European Journal of Immunogenetics , 30:361-374.
  • 2002 Buhler, S.; Sanchez-Mazas, A.; Zanone, R.; Djavad, N.; Tiercy, J.-M. PCR-SSOP molecular typing of HLA-Cw alleles in an Iranian population. Tissue Antigens , 59:525-530.
  • 2001 Dard, P.; Lefranc, M.-P.; Osipova, L.; Sanchez-Mazas, A. DNA sequence variability of IGHG3 alleles associated to the main G3m haplotypes in human populations. European Journal of Human Genetics , 9:765-772.
  • 2001 Renquin, J.; Sanchez-Mazas, A.; Halle, L.; Rivalland, S.; Jeager, G.; Mbayo, K.; Bianchi, F.; Kaplan, C. HLA class II polymorphism in Aka Pygmies and Bantu Congolese and a reassessment of HLA-DRB1 African diversity. Tissue Antigens , 58:211-222.
  • 2001 Sanchez-Mazas, A. African diversity from the HLA point of view: influence of genetic drift, geography, linguistics, and natural selection. Human Immunology , 62:937-948.
  • 2001 Sanchez-Mazas, A.; Buetler-Brunner, E.; Buetler, R.; Dugoujon, J.-M.; Hammond, M.; Lefranc, G.; Matsumoto, H.; Osipova, L.; Politis, C.; Pullman, R; Langaney, A. A worldwide analysis of AG molecular diversity inferred from serology. Human Biology , 73:637-659.
  • 2001 Yacoubi Loveslati, B.; Sanchez-Mazas, A.; Ennafaa, H.; Marrakchi, R.; Dugoujon, J.-M.; Lefranc, M.-P.; Ben Ammar Elgaaied, A. A study of Gm allotypes and immunoglobulin heavy gamma IGHG genes in Berbers, Arabs and sub-Saharan Africans from Jerba Island, Tunisia. European Journal of Immunogenetics , 28:531-538.
  • 2000 Chaabani, H.; Sanchez-Mazas, A.; Sallami, S.F. Genetic differentiation of Yemeni people according to Rhesus and Gm polymorphisms. Annales de Genetique , 43:155-162.
  • 2000 Sanchez-Mazas, A.; Djoulah, S.; Busson, M.; Le Monnier de Gouville, I.; Poirier, J.-C.; Dehay, C.; Charron, D.; Excoffier, L.; Schneider, S.; Langaney, A.; Dausset, J.; Hors, J. A linkage disequilibrium map of the MHC region based on the analysis of 14 loci haplotypes in 50 French families. European Journal of Human Genetics , 8:33-41.
  • 2000 Sanchez-Mazas, A.; Steiner, Q.G.; Grundschober, C.; Tiercy, J.-M. The molecular determination of HLA-Cw alleles in the Mandenka (West Africa) reveals a close genetic relationship between Africans and Europeans. Tissue Antigens , 56:303-312.
  • 1998 Izaabel, H.; Garchon, H.-J.; Caillat-Zuccman, S.; Beaurin, G.; Akhayat, O.; Bach, J.-F.; Sanchez-Mazas, A. HLA class II DNA polymorphism in a Moroccan population from the Souss, Agadir area. Tissue Antigens , 51:106-110.
  • 1997 Dard, P.; Huck, S.; Frippiat, J.-P.; Lefranc, G.; Langaney, A.; Lefranc, M.-P.; Sanchez-Mazas, A. The IGHG3 gene shows a structural polymorphism characterized by different hinge lengths: sequence of a new 2-exon hinge gene. Human Genetics , 99:138-141,
  • 1997 Grundschober, C.; Rufer, N.; Sanchez-Mazas, A.; Madrigal, A.; Jeannet, M.; Roosneck, E.; Tiercy, J.-M. Molecular characterization of HLA-C incompatibilities in HLA-ABDR matched unrelated bone marrow donor-recipient pairs. Tissue Antigens , 49:612-623.
  • 1997 Jungerman, M.; Sanchez-Mazas, A.; Fichna, P.; Ivanova, R.; Charron, D.; Hors, J.; Djoulah, S. HLA class II DRB1, DQA1, and DQB1 polymorphisms in the Polish population from Wielkopolska. Tissue Antigens , 49:624-628.
  • 1997 Merghoub, T.; Sanchez-Mazas, A.; Tamouza, R.; Lu, C.Y.; Bouzid, K.; Ardjoun, F.Z.; Labie, D.; Lapoumeroulie, C.; Elion, J. Hemoglobin D-Ouled Rabah among the Mozabites: a marker for the Berber-speaking people?. Europ J Human Genetics , 5:390-396.
  • 1997 Roth, M.-P.; Giraldo, P.; Hariti, G.; Poloni, E.S.; Sanchez-Mazas, A.; De Stefano, G.F.; Dugoujon, J.-M.; Coppin, H. Absence of the haemochromatosis gene Cys282Tyr mutation in three ethnic groups from Algeria (Mzab), Ethiopia, and Senegal. Immunogenetics , 46:222-225.
  • 1997 Vu-Trieu, A.; Djoulah, S.; Tran-Thi, C.; Ngyuyen-Tanh, T.; Le Monnier de Gouville, I.; Hors, J.; Sanchez-Mazas, A. HLA-DR and -DQB1 DNA polymorphisms in a Vietnamese Kinh population from Hanoi. European Journal of Immunogenetics , 24:345-356.
  • 1996 Dard, P.; Sanchez-Mazas, A.; Dugoujon, J.-M.; De Lange, G.; Langaney, A.; Lefranc, M.-P.; Lefranc, G. DNA analysis of the immunoglobulin IGHG loci in a Mandenka population from Eastern Senegal: correlation with Gm haplotypes and hypotheses for the evolution of the Ig CH region. Human Genetics , 98:36-47,
  • 1994 Djoulah, S.; Sanchez-Mazas, A.; Hors, J. HLA-DRB1, DQA1 and DQB1 DNA polymorphisms in healthy Algerian and genetic relationships with other populations. Tissue Antigens , 43:102-109.
  • 1994 Grundschober, C.; Sanchez-Mazas, A.; Excoffier, L.; Langaney, A.; Jeannet, M.; Tiercy, J.-M. HLA-DPB1 DNA polymorphism in the Swiss population: linkage disequilibrium with other HLA loci and population genetics affinities. European Journal of immunogenetics , 21:143-157,
  • 1994 Louis, F.J.; Sanchez-Mazas, A. Rhesus polymorphism in New Caledonia, I: genetic structures of three local populations. Gene Geography , 8, 2:81-90,
  • 1994 Sanchez-Mazas, A.; Buetler-Brunner, E.; Excoffier, L.; Ghanem, N.; Ben Salem, M.; Breguet, G.; Dard, P.; Pellegrini, B.; Tikkanen, J.; Lefranc, G.; Langaney, A.; Buetler, R. New data for AG haplotype frequencies in Caucasoid populations and the selective neutrality of the AG polymorphism. Hum. Biol. , 66:27-48,
  • 1994 Sanchez-Mazas, A.; Pellegrini, B.; Poloni, E.; Louis, F.J. Rhesus polymorphism in New Caledonia, II: genetic comparison with other Oceanians. Gene Geography , 8:91-98,
  • 1992 Dard, P.; Schreiber, Y.; Excoffier, L.; Sanchez-Mazas, A.; Shi-Isaac, X.; Epelbouin, A.; Langaney, A.; Jeannet, M. Polymorphisme des HLA loci de classe I, HLA-A, -B, et -C, dans la population Mandenka du Senegal Oriental. Comptes Rendus de l'Academie des Sciences Paris , 314:573-578,
  • 1992 Tiercy, J.-M.; Sanchez-Mazas, A.; Excoffier, L.; Shi-Isaac, X.; Jeannet, M.; Mach, B.; Langaney, A. HLA-DR polymorphism in a Senegalese Mandenka population: DNA oligotyping and population genetics of DRB1 specificities. American Journal of Human Genetics , 51:592-608.
  • 1991 Excoffier, L.; Harding, R.; Sokal, R.R.; Pellegrini, B.; Sanchez-Mazas, A. Spatial differentiation of RH and GM haplotype frequencies in Sub-Saharan Africa and its relation to linguistic affinities. Hum. Biol. , 63:273-297,
  • 1991 Sanchez-Mazas, A.; Graven, L.; Pellegrini, B. Genetique, linguistique et prehistoire du peuplement sub-saharien. Bulletin du Centre Genevois d'Anthropologie , 3:3-21,
  • 1990 Blanc, M.; Sanchez-Mazas, A.; Hubert van Blyenburgh, N.; Sevin, A.; Pison, G.; Langaney, A. Inter-ethnic genetic differentiation: Gm polymorphism in Eastern Senegal. American Journal of Human Genetics , 46:383-392.
  • 1990 Breguet, G.; Buetler, R.; Buetler-Brunner, E.; Sanchez-Mazas, A. A worldwide population study of the Ag-system haplotypes: a genetic polymorphism of human low-density lipoprotein. American Journal of Human Genetics , 46:502-517.
  • 1990 Sanchez-Mazas, A.; Pellegrini, B. Polymorphismes Rhesus, Gm et HLA et histoire de l'Homme moderne. Bulletins et Memoires de la Societe d'Anthropologie de Paris , t. 2 no. 1:57-76.
  • 1988 Sanchez-Mazas, A.; Langaney, A. Common genetic pools between human populations. American Journal of Human Genetics , 78:161-166,
  • 1987 Excoffier, L.; Pellegrini, P; Sanchez-Mazas, A; Simon, C; Langaney, A. Genetics and history of Sub-Saharan Africa. Yearbook of Physical Anthropology , 30:151-194,
  • 1986 Sanchez-Mazas, A.; Excoffier, L; Langaney, A. Measure and representation of the genetic similarity between populations by the percentage of isoactive genes. Teoria II , 4:143-154.

Edited books

  • 2013 Sanchez-Mazas A & Barbujani G, eds. (2013, paru en 2014) Genetic Diversity in European Populations: Evolutionary Evidence and Medical Implications. Human Heredity, Special volume, Vol. 76, No.3-4.
  • 2008 Sanchez-Mazas, A.; Blench, R.; Ross, M.; Peiros, I.; Lin, M., eds. "Past human migrations in East Asia: matching archeology, linguistics and genetics". Routledge (Taylor & Francis Group) , London and New York, 456 pages.
  • 2005 Sagart, L.; Blench, R.; Sanchez-Mazas, A., eds. The Peopling of East Asia: Putting Together Archaeology, Linguistics and Genetics. Routledge Curzon (Taylor and Francis Group) , London and New York.

Book chapters & Proceedings

  • 2016 Sanchez-Mazas A. (2016) Diversification biologique et culturelle des populations humaines au cours de leur evolution. In: Fournier Kiss C, Bordessoule-Gillieron N, Suter P (eds) Regards sur l'Interculturalite, Un parcours interdisciplinaire. M?tisPresses, p.75-90.
  • 2015 Sanchez-Mazas A, Nunes JM. (2015) Modes d'analyse de la variabilite des frequences des polymorphismes genetiques dans les populations humaines. In: P. Bailly, J. Chiaroni, F. Roubinet (eds) Les groupes sanguins erythrocytaires. Paris: John Libbey Eurotext, p. 341-359.
  • 2009 Crubezy, E.; Sanchez-Mazas, A.; Guilaine, J. Mediterranee et peuplements, une pertinence scientifique?. In: Serageldin, I.; Crubezy, E.; Gibert, M.; El-Faham, M. Le peuplement de la Mediterranee : synthese et question d'avenir. Symposium international, (2-4 oct. 2004 ; Bibliotheca Alexandrina, Alexandrie, (Egypte)). Alexandria, Egypte : Bibliotheca Alexandrina ; Paris, eds. Archeologie nouvelle , pages: 451-465,
  • 2009 Fadhlaoui-Zid, K.; Sanchez-Mazas, A.; Buhler, S.; Khodjet el Khil, H.; Ben Amor, M.; Comas, D.; Dugoujon, J.-M.; Slama, H.; Ben Ammar Elgaaeid, A. Caracterisation genetique des isolats berberophones du Sud tunisien par confrontation des resultats de trois marqueurs polymorphes. In: Peuplements et environnements du Neolithique a nos jours. Colloque des Anthropologistes de langue francaise, (2007 ; Geneve), eds. Antropo , 18:73-86.
  • 2009 Sanchez-Mazas, A. Les relations entre genetique, linguistique et archeologie : heritages du Neolithique ?. In: La revolution neolithique dans le monde, sous la direction de Jean-Paul Demoule, Paris, eds. CNRS , pages: 319-330,
  • 2009 Sanchez-Mazas, A.; Buhler, S. Structure genetique des populations du pourtour mediterraneen d'apres les polymorphismes GM et HLA-DRB1. In: Serageldin, I.; Crubezy, E.; Gibert, M.; El-Faham, M. Le peuplement de la Mediterranee : synthese et question d'avenir. Symposium international, (2-4 oct. 2004 ; Bibliotheca Alexandrina, Alexandrie, (Egypte)). Alexandria, Egypte : Bibliotheca Alexandrina ; Paris, eds. Archeologie nouvelle , pages: 15-32,
  • 2008 Sanchez-Mazas, A.; Poloni, E.S. Genetic diversity in Africa. In: Encyclopedia of Life Sciences (ELS), eds. John Wiley & Sons , Ltd: Chichester,
  • 2008 Blench, R.; Ross, M.; Sanchez-Mazas, A. Methodological issues: linking genetic, linguistic and archaeological evidence. In: Sanchez-Mazas, A.; Blench, R.; Ross, M.; Peiros, I.; Lin, M.; eds. /Past human migrations in East Asia: matching archaeology, linguistics and genetics/, eds. Routledge , London and New York, pages: 3-19,
  • 2008 Sanchez-Mazas, A.; Osipova, L.; Lin, M.; Dugoujon, J-M.; Sagart, L.; Poloni, ES. The GM genetic polymorphism in Taiwan aborigines: New data revealing remarkable differentiation patterns. In: Sanchez-Mazas A, Blench R, Ross M, Peiros I, Lin M, eds. /Past human migrations in East Asia: matching archaeology, linguistics and genetics/, eds. Routledge , London and New York, pages: 313-333,
  • 2007 Sanchez-Mazas, A.; Tiercy, J.-M. The HLA molecular diversity of an African population from Eastern Senegal. In: Hansen, J.A., eds. "Immunobiology of the Human MHC: Proceedings of the 13th International Histocompatibility Workshop and Conference". IHWG Press , Seattle, WA, pages: 212-215.
  • 2006 Mack, S.J.; Meyer, D.; Single, R.; Sanchez-Mazas, A.; Thomson, G.; Erlich, H.A. 13th International Histocompatibility Workshop Anthropology / Human Genetic Diversity Joint Report - Chapter 1: Introduction and Overview. In: Hansen, J.A., eds. "Immunobiology of the Human MHC: Proceedings of the 13th International Histocompatibility Workshop and Conference". IHWG Press , Seattle, WA, Volume 1:560-563.
  • 2006 Mack, S.J.; Sanchez-Mazas, A.; Meyer, D.; Single, R.; Tsai, Y.; Erlich, H. 13th International Histocompatibility Workshop Anthropology / Human Genetic Diversity Joint Report - Chapter 2: Methods used in the generation and the preparation of data for analysis in the 13th International Histocompatibility Workshop. In: Hansen, J.A., eds. "Immunobiology of the Human MHC: Proceedings of the 13th International Histocompatibility Workshop and Conference". IHWG Press , Seattle, WA, pages: 564-579.
  • 2006 Mack, S.J.; Tsai, Y.; Sanchez-Mazas, A.; Erlich, H. 13th IHWS Anthropology and Human Diversity Joint Report - Chapter 3: Anthropology/human genetic diversity population reports. In: Hansen, J.A., eds. "Immunobiology of the Human MHC: Proceedings of the 13th International Histocompatibility Workshop and Conference". IHWG Press , Seattle, WA, pages: 580-652.
  • 2006 Sanchez-Mazas, A. 13th International Histocompatibility Workshop Anthropology / Human Genetic Diversity Joint Report - Chapter 7: HLA genetic differentiation of the 13th IHWC population data relative to worldwide linguistic families. In: Hansen, J.A., eds. "Immunobiology of the Human MHC: Proceedings of the 13th International Histocompatibility Workshop and Conference". IHWG Press , Seattle, WA, pages: 758-766,
  • 2005 Poloni, E.S.; Sanchez-Mazas, A.; Jacques, G.; Sagart, L. Comparing linguistic and genetic affinities among East Asian populations: a study of the Rh and Gm polymorphisms. In: Sagart, L.; Blench, R.; Sanchez-Mazas, A., eds. "The Peopling of East Asia: Putting Together Archaeology, Linguistics and Genetics". Routledge Curzon , London and New York, pages: 252-272.
  • 2005 Sagart, L.; Blench, R.; Sanchez-Mazas, A. Introduction. In: Sagart, L.; Blench, R.; Sanchez-Mazas, A., eds. "The Peopling of East Asia: Putting Together Archaeology, Linguistics and Genetics". Routledge Curzon , London and New York, pages: 1-14.
  • 2005 Sanchez-Mazas, A.; Poloni, E.S.; Jacques, G.; Sagart, L. HLA genetic diversity and linguistic variation in East Asia. In: Sagart, L.; Blench, R.; Sanchez-Mazas, A., eds. "The Peopling of East Asia: Putting Together Archaeology, Linguistics and Genetics". Routledge Curzon , London and New York, pages: 273-296.
  • 2002 Sanchez-Mazas, A. HLA data analysis in anthropology: basic theory and practice. Proceedings of the 16th European Histocompatibility Conference , Strasbourg, 19-22 March 2002, pages: 68-83.
  • 2000 Sanchez-Mazas, A. The Berbers of North Africa: genetic relationships according to HLA and other polymorphisms. In: Arnaiz-Villena, A., eds. "Prehistoric Iberia: Genetics, Anthropology and Linguistics". Kluwer Academic / Plenum Publishers , New York, pages: 65-77,
  • 1999 Hill, A.V.S.; Sanchez-Mazas, A.; Barbujani, G.; Dunston, G.; Excoffier, L.; Hancock, J.M.; Klein, J.; Meyer, U.A.; Motulsky, A.G.; Presciuttini, S.; Wishart, W.; Langaney, A. Human genetic variation and its impact on public health and medicine. In: Stearns, S.C., eds. "Evolution in Health and Disease". Oxford University Press , Oxford, pages: 62-74.
  • 1999 Gemmerich, I.; Pellegrini, B.; Sanchez-Mazas, A. L'evolution de la lignee humaine an Afrique de l'Est. In: Gallay, A., eds. "Comment l'Homme? A la decouverte des premiers Hominides d'Afrique de l'Est". Editions Errance, Geo-Decouverte , Paris, pages: 95-128,
  • 1997 Bodmer, J.; Cambon-Thomsen, A.; Hors, J.; Piazza, A.; Sanchez-Mazas, A. Anthropology report: introduction. In: Charron, D., eds. "Genetic diversity of HLA: functional and medical implication. 12th Int. Histocompatibility Workshop". EDK , Sevre France, II:269-284.
  • 1997 Hammond, M.G.; Du Toit, E.D.; Sanchez-Mazas, A.; Andrien, M.; Coluzzi, M.; De Pablo, M.R.; De Stefano, G.; Kaplan, C.; Kennedy, L.; Louie, L.; Migot, F. HLA in sub-Saharan Africa: 12th International Histocompatibility Workshop: SSAF report. In: Charron, D., eds. "Genetic diversity of HLA: functional and medical implication. 12th Int. Histocompatibility Workshop". EDK , Sevres Fraqnce, II:345-353.
  • 1997 Hors, J.; El Chenawi, F.; Djoulah, S.; Hafez, M.; Abbas, F.; El Borai, M.-H.; Kamel, M.; Abbal, M.; A., Cambon-Thomsen; Mercier, P.; Reviron, D.; Magzoub, M.-A.; Rosner, G.; Delgado, J.-C.; Yunis, E.; Raffoux, C.; Tamouza, R.; Izaabel, H.; Hmida, S.; Benhamamo (1997) HLA in North African populations: 12th International Histocompatibility Workshop: NAFR report. In: Charron, D., eds. "Genetic diversity of HLA: functional and medical implication. Twelth Int. Histocompatibility Worksho". EDK , Sevres France, II:328-334.
  • 1992 Dard, P.; Sanchez-Mazas, A.; Tiercy, J.-M.; Magzoub, M.; Verduyn, W.; Goumaz, C.; Jeannet, M.; Pellegrini, B.; Excoffier, L.; Langaney, A. Joint Report: HLA-A, -B, and DR differentiations among North and West African populations. In: Tsuji, al., eds. "HLA 1991. Int. Histocompatibility Workshop and Conference, 11 (Yokohama, Japan, 6-13 November 1991)". Oxford Univ. Press , Oxford, 1:632-636.
  • 1987 Sanchez-Mazas, A.; Langaney, A. Comparaison des patrimoines genetiques des populations par les pourcentages iso-groupes (PIG). "Biologie des populations". Coll. nat. du CNRS , Lyon, 4-6 sept. 1986, pages: 364-366.

Popularized books & papers

  • 2020 Naciri Y, Dewaele R, Clerc P, Alvarez N, Chytil T, Lecointre G, Sanchez-Mazas A, Kampourakis K, Charlier P (2020) Le grand bazar de l'evolution. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de Geneve, Museum d'Histoire Naturelle de Geneve, RTS Decouverte, Bioscope.
  • 2019 Sanchez-Mazas, A.; Mayor, A.; Poloni, E.S.; Douze, K.; Huysecom, E.; Currat, M.; Dlamini, N.; Langaney, A.; Hubert van Blijenburgh, N (2019) Afrique, 300'000 ans de diversite humaine, Catalogue de l'exposition, Museum d'histoire naturelle et Universite de Geneve, Suisse.
  • 2001 Sanchez-Mazas, A. Les origines de l'homme, au coeur de ses genes. Pour La Science , 289:84-91.
  • 1995 Langaney, A.; Hubert van Blyenburgh, N.; Sanchez-Mazas, A. Tous parents, tous differents. Cat. d'exposition (Geneve, 24 oct. 1995-17 mars 1996). Museum d'hist. nat. Paris, Laboratoire de genetique et biometrie Universite de Geneve , Paris, Geneve.
  • 1992 Langaney, A.; Hubert van Blyenburgh, N.; Sanchez-Mazas, A. Tous parents, tous differents. Cat. d'exposition (Musee de l'Homme, Paris, mars-nov. 1992). R. Chabaud , Bayonne.
  • 1992 Sanchez-Mazas, A. Avances y limites actuales de la genetica de las poblaciones humanas. Teoria - Segunda Epoca , VII. no. 16-17-18, tomo B:817-820.
  • 1992 Sanchez-Mazas, A.; Dard, P. Hasard ou selection? Les variations genetiques du systeme HLA de defense immunitaire confirmeraient l'avantage de la Diversite. Pour la Science , 172:21-23.
  • 1991 Sanchez-Mazas, A. Une geographie genetique des grandes migrations de l'histoire humaine. In: Witkowski, N., eds. "L'etat des sciences et des techniques". La Decouverte , Paris, pages: 279-281.
  • 1990 Sanchez-Mazas, A.; Langaney, A. L'Homme, une espece sans races. "Almanach Jules Verne". Ramsay , Paris, pages: 19-26.
  • 1990 Sanchez-Mazas, A. Point de vue: Il n'y a plus de races. Pour la Science , 155 et 158:9 et 8.

Current project

Recently funded research projects

  • FNS project (2012-2016): Early human settlements in contrasting environments: HLA molecular variation and its link to population expansions and immune adaptation.
  • FNS project (2009-2012): Early human settlements in East Asia: HLA molecular variation, population expansions and linguistic differentiations.
  • FP7 project (2012-2015): A Europe-wide strategy to enhance Transplantation of highly sensitized patients on basis of Acceptable HLA Mismatches.

In charge of the following courses:

  • Evolution (mandatory 3rd year BA)
  • Human Biology Autumn and Spring (restricted choice 3rd year BA)
  • Molecular Population Genetics Training Course (master, course in english)

Teaches also in the following courses:

  • The Immune System (restricted choice 3rd year BA)
  • Master Course in Genetics, Development and Evolution (master, course in english).
  • Biodiversity (master)
  • Methodology of Research in Biology (free choice)
  • General Prehistory (free choice)
  • Biological and Cultural Anthropology seminar (free choice).

In charge of the option BioInformatics and Data Analysis in Biology (BIADB) of the Master in biology.

Director of the Doctoral Program in Ecology and Evolution of CUSO.

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